Category Shamanism in Mongolia

Despre Shamanism in Mongolia

Discousin in this group  are posible with the help of

The Mongolian Shamans’ Association

As far back as the historical record goes, shamanism was the oldest religion practiced in Asia, which was once a single cultural area extending over Russia, China, India, Mongolia, Tibet, Nepal and Persia; where shamanism was concerned, these were a unified culture. After 1300 AD, the Mongols converted from shamanism to lamastic Buddhism, and this faith spread all the way up into Siberia.

There are important elements to this Asian shamanism which do not appear in accounts from north and south America...

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Shamans of Mongolia

In The Nation, Manote Tripathi enthusiastically reviews a Bangkok art gallery exhibit in a piece called “The nomads lose their way.” The works are platinum prints, the making of which is an advanced form of photographic art. The people depicted are Mongolian shamans, and the photographer is anthropologist Hamid Sardar-Afkhami, an American of Iranian ancestry. Traveling by camel, reindeer and horse, Sardar-Afkhami documented the vanishing ways of a vanishing people, the nomadic inhabitants of Outer Mongolia. He learned Mongol and Tibetan, and spent a decade living with the people and observing their customs. Tripathi says:

He set out to record the nomads’ spiritual relationship to their totem animals, focusing on the seasonal rhythms of migration across the steppes, deserts and mou...

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Becoming a Shaman

Shamans are distinguished from other people in that they have a shaman
spirit which selects and initiates them. This spirit is known by many
names, including utha, and onggor among the Buryat and Dagur. It acts like
an extra soul and is a source of power and controls the shaman’s encounters
with other spirits, some of which may also become helper spirits. While a
shaman may show a proclivity for shamanizing from an early age, the utha (I
use the Buryat term for simplicity) will manifest itself suddenly,
resulting in mental or physical illness. During the course of the illness
the shaman-to-be will have a vision in which the utha will initiate him.
Common elements in the vision include travel to the upper world and the
dismemberment and reassembly of the shaman’s body so that it will be new
an...

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Shamanic Spiritual Beliefs

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An Overview of the Model of Mongolian Shamanism

In the previous few sections I have presented the basic ideas of Mongolian shamanism. The essential characteristics can be summarized as follows

* Living beings live happy productive lives by promoting balance in the world and observing the customs of respect toward Father Heaven, Mother Earth, and the spirits

* The world is a circle oriented toward the south, with Father Heaven above, Mother Earth below; the right side is male and the left female

* The sacredness of fire

* One’s personal power can be increased by living a yostoi life and revering the spirits and living things

* The presence and protection of the spirits of the ancestors

* Humanlike sentient spirits in the heavens, animals, trees, mountains, and other natural features

* Power and totem animals

* Human beings are a co...

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Circle of tangerism

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The Shaman

Referring to the spirituality of Mongolia and Siberia as shamanism is
somewhat misleading, because a shaman is not revered himself but rather
respected because of his special relationship with the spirits. Some
scholars have taken to calling this traditional religion Tengrism, which is
more appropriate because worship is centered on Tenger and the spirits.
Everyday religious practices honoring the spirits does not require a
shaman; only when his powers are needed to restore balance or heal illness
will a shaman be called for assistance. Some tribes have more than one type
of shaman, among some groups they are ranked by their power, or they will
be differentiated as white or black depending on what spirits they use and
where they travel. Among the southernmost Mongolian groups, such as the
Dagur s...

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Shamanic cultures in Central Asia and Siberia

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Despre Mongolia

Ginghis Han (Chinggis Khaan/Чингис Хаан) a unit triburile mongole pentru prima dată în 1206, astfel formând un stat mongol unificat. Stepa a modelat într-un mod unic viaţa nomadă a mongolilor, care în timpurile noastre, moderne, sunt foarte mândri de trecutul lor măreţ.

Mongolia este o ţară întinsă, fără ieşire la mare, situată în Asia Centrală, având vecini doi giganţi: la nord Federaţia Rusă, iar la sud Republica Populară Chineză. Măsurând în total 1,565,000 km2, ţara este mai mare decât Europa de Vest şi cuprinde câteva zone geografice: deşert, stepă şi munţi. Climatul ţării este unul extrem: precipitaţii reduse şi ierni lungi si dure, când temperaturile pot ajunge până şi la -50 grade Celsius ...

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Buriat, Mongolia of Mongolia

Introduction / History
The Northern Mongolians, also known as the Buryat, are believed to be the descendants of the western Mongols and the northern Siberians. Of the large number of Northern Mongolians, only a relatively small number live in Mongolia. They primarily inhabit the forested lowland regions along the Russia-Mongolia border.

The territory that once belonged to the Northern Mongolian’s ancestors includes the regions along Lake Baikal, which is located in present-day Siberia. Three quarters of all Northern Mongolians still live there, in a region that is now known as the Buriat Autonomous Republic.

The Northern Mongolians are very similar to the Khalkha Mongols, particularly in their physical features, dialects, and customs...

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